How RPM Castings are Made |
A.L. Johnson offers several advantages with its Rubber Plaster
Mold production process.
RPM Prototype toolings can be used for
In more instances than not, prototypes turn into production.
With the Rubber Plaster Mold process, the same tooling that
produced prototype castings is 100% ready and capable of supporting
production requirements. With the Rubber Plaster Mold process,
master tooling is permanent (easily re-workable in the event
of design changes), and production molds can be duplicated to
accelerate output to support volume requirements.
Rubber Plaster Mold castings reduce
time from prototype to production
Other casting processes require long lead times for production
dies and create large time gaps from prototype to full production.
This gap is greatly reduced with Rubber Plaster Mold castings
from the Original prototype tooling.
No Additional Tooling Costs
Paying for expensive dies up front (even though amortized over
the life of a product's expected life) drains cash and risks
financial set-backs. Instead, the use of Rubber Plaster Mold
castings requires no additional tooling costs and keeps cash
flow in balance with current production requirements.
RPM reduces risk of new product production
In many instances, industrial companies find themselves in the
situation where the market potential for their products is not
sufficient to warrant the cost of expensive molds or die tooling,
yet they require the advantages of castings, such as shielding,
heat dissipation, strength, style, cast lettering, etc. Year
in and year out they rely on Rubber Plaster Mold (RPM) and A.
L. Johnson Company for their casting requirements.
Data contained in the following table is in inches. Drawings
with metric dimensions present no problems and can be used by
A. L. Johnson Co. without conversion to inches. For convenience
conversion factors are:
1mm = .03937008 in. 1 in. = 25.4mm
Rounding off a dimension to express a more liberal tolerance
should be done with care to avoid misapplication. For example,
if a symmetrical area is dimensioned 8.25" and an intended center
feature at 4.12", the undimensioned difference of 4.13" will
be so tooled. It would be clearer to specify 8.250" :t .030"
and 4.125" :t .015" for nominal symmetry.
NOMINAL TOLERANCES FOR NORMAL CONDITIONS
(Closer tolerances are possible under favorable conditions,
but more liberal tolerances are always economically desirable
and in some instances may be necessary.)
||WITHIN ONE MOLD SECTION
||BETWEEN TWO MOLD SECTIONS
|Up to 3.000
Repeatability (that is: uniformity of any measurement from casting
to casting) is of course closer, but even more difficult to
predict accurately. A rough approximation is two-thirds of the
given tolerance. Flatness of .005 per inch is normal and over
large areas usually can be held within .015 total by straightening.
Further refinement is possible on areas that are fully accessible
to a secondary operation.
RADII FOR CORNERS/FILLETS
The seemingly insignificant details usually covered by casual
notation can be very important for RPM castings. The metal pattern
often consists of several pieces, some machined in negative
form. Consequently, even an innocent little radius callout can
be a source of an inordinate amount of tooling expense unless
the drawing allows sufficient latitude to permit tooling either
nearly sharp or with a full cutter radius. Generally the main
outside configuration is tooled as a facsimile of the casting
and some cavities are tooled by machining a separate piece in
reverse, like a core. However, this is by no means an infallible
rule. it is therefore best to allow maximum leeway on all unimportant
corners and fillets. This will also allow omitting edge radii
along the parting line, which is another way of reducing time
and cost of RPM tooling and castings.
HOLES AND CAVITIES
The option of tooling in reverse is an advantage in producing
holes and cavities, particularly those with odd shapes or sharp
fillets. Small holes are limited to those over .100 diameter,
with depth not exceeding the diameter.
Small holes through thicker sections can often be accomplished
by including countersinks or counter bores to help support the
Cast pilot holes or shallow dimples to locate subsequent drilling
would involve additional loss of accuracy and are therefore
seldom used. Where dimples are desired, the preferred design
is a hemispherical depression.
Openings cannot be formed by sliding one section of mold over
another, as in die casting, because of the likelihood of damage
to the plaster mold. These lateral openings will require special
attention. Options are: machining the castings, coring the opening,
or changing the design to eliminate the slide-by condition.
Undercuts should be avoided if the resultant casting is equally
acceptable. Where an undercut is desired, two choices are available:
(1) using an additional section of mold (a core) which has been
cast at right angles to the main top and bottom halves or (2rmachining
the desired feature into each casting. If quantities are small
and machining is simple, it may be best to machine the RPM castings
in the interest of faster delivery and lower cost. RPM castings
are better suited to machining because of more uniform metal
356 T51 Aluminum Alloy per ASTM B 26
CAST SURFACES:125 micro inch
SURFACES MARKED ': MACH STOCK IS TO BE (or) or HAS BEEN ADDED
DRAFT 1° MAX
TOLERANCES: .XXX +/- .0l0, .XX +/- .03
WALL THICKNESS .075 +/- .015
CORNERS & FILLETS .12R MAX
CAST PART NO APPROX. WHERE SHOWN, IN .12 CHARACTERS RAISED .02
Most frequently used material is aluminum alloy 356.0, heat
treated to either -T51, -T6 or -T61.
Standard heat treatment is rigidly controlled within the A.
L. Johnson plant.
Applicable specifications are: QQ-A-596, ASTM B 26, AMS 4218,
AMS 4260, AMS 4261, MIL-C-11866 and MIL-A-21180.
Conformance to customer requirements is assured through non-destructive
testing by independent laboratories and appropriate certification,
as applicable. All castings are processed under closely supervised
Quality Control compatible with the wide range of conditions
specified by customers in aerospace, electronics, computers,
optics, instruments, etc.
When requesting a quotation, it is best to supply two prints.
Please include your name, address, phone number and any information
that may be helpful in quoting. For example, a drawing that
shows how the part is to function within an assembly may be
more useful than one that shows how the part is to be machined.
A. L. Johnson Company Sales Engineers and field representatives
are available upon request for consultation.
The quotation will include one print marked to show what we
propose to produce, the price of tooling, the price of each
casting in all possible quantities, and delivery schedule for
first article and approved production.
ELECTRONIC DATA EXCHANGE
Our engineering department has the capability of receiving,
reading and editing electronic drawing files transmitted via